Safe Disaster-Resilient Drinking Water to Floods and Drought Prone Areas in Sri Lanka

Project Areas Badulla and Moneragala District in Uva Province
Kilinochchi District in North Province
Duration1st October 2016 to 30th September 2019
Funded byUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Project Cost$ 999,966 as USAID’s contribution
Or except to add $ 256,646 LRWHF, PALM and Community Contribution
Project ObjectiveTo promote rainwater harvesting systems as a practical, disaster resilient water supply option for dry zone areas by demonstration and building capacity of officials, professionals, community and school children on rain water harvesting and ground water recharging technology.

Objective 1: Demonstrate and provide disaster-resilient water supplies to vulnerable communities in war affected and dry zone areas of Sri Lanka

Objective 2: Build capacity of officials, professional and communities on rain water harvesting technology to influence the policies and practises of flood and drought management
Project ActivitiesObjective I
  • Construction of 45 Demonstration rain water harvesting systems (storage and/or recharge) in rural schools
  • Establishment of 10 demonstration RWH system in Rural hospitals/ Medical Clinic
  • Construction of 360 Domestic Rain Water Harvesting Systems
  • Rehabilitate disused 200 RWH systems in the project areas
Objective II
  • Build Capacity of Officials and Professionals on Rain water harvesting technology
  • Establishing the training facilities of the Rain Center
  • Training program for local authority officials, planning officers and development officers in each district
  • Training program for professionals
  • Build capacity of community and school children to reduce the Risk of Disaster through establish Mobile Weather Stations in 4 schools
  • Research & Development
    • Monitoring Ground Water Recharging
    • Water level Indicator for RWH tanks
  • Networking and Dissemination of Information
    • Publication: leaflets, posters and visibility boards
    • Short film competition on DRR through RWH
    • Press Conference on National conference
    • National/ Regional/ International Conference


Objective 1:

  • 35 schools were visited of which, 15 were selected (5 from each district) to have 30,000L RWHS constructed in each school.

School Beneficiary List

  • 13 hospitals were visited of which, 5 were selected (2 in Badulla, 2 in Kilinochchi and 1 in Monaragala District) to have 10,000L/16,000L RWHS constructed in each.
Hospital NameGNDSDDistrict
Divisional HospitalEthimaleSiyabalaanduvaMonaragala
Divisional Hospital KandegedaraKandegedaraSoranathotaBadulla
Medical ClinicHigurugamuvaWelimadaBadulla
Poonakary Division HospitalKN - 66 EastPoonakaryKilinochchi
Vennerikulum Primary Medical CentreVennerikilumKarachchiKilinochchi
  • Construction of  a  10,000L RWHS in Divisional Hospital, Ethimale is complete. Currently, 947 patients visit the clinic on a monthly basis.

  • 40 beneficiaries selected from Ponnakary DSD, Kilinochchi District for Domestic RWHS. 35 Request received, 20 beneficiaries selected from Maduvilnadu East GN and 29 Request received 20 beneficiaries selected from Alankerny GN. The households were selected according to the following selection criteria:

1. Distance to Drinking water source more than 250m

2. Number of the children in the household

3. People with disability

4. People with waterborne diseases

5. Women headed households etc.

Awareness Programs

Selected Beneficiary list of Maduvilnadu East GN, Poonakary DSD, Kilinochchi District

Selected Beneficiary List for Alankerny GN , Poonakary DSD, Kilinochchi District

Rehabilitate 200 disused RWH Systems

Selection of disused RWH Systems –

Disused rain water systems are identified and selected for rehabilitation in

Kilinochchi District

  • Gnanimadam Government Tamil School in Kilinochchi

Badulla District

  • 33 disused rain water systems were identified and 28 selected in Kandaketiya DS

Moneragala  District

  • 41 disused rain water systems were identified and  39 selected in Nawgala and Weeragoda GN

Disused rain water systems repaired with first flush , tap stand , filters and gutters in:

1. Gnanimadam Government Tamil School (Kilinochchi)


Objective 2.

  • Training program for local authority officials, planning officers and development officers in each district-

Lanka Rainwater Harvesting Forum (LRWHF) Sri Lanka, supported by USAID – Sri Lanka organized a 2 day training programme on the “Importance of Rainwater Harvesting as a Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy on Water Resources” from 19th to 20th December 2016 at the District Secretariat Training center, Kilinochchi. Additional District Secretary Sivapathasuntharam Sathiyaseelan attended the innaugeration ceremony. 42 individuals attended (List).

The training covered topics such as Present status and future plans of water supply schemes for domestic purposes in Kilinochchi, Overview and present status of rainwater harvesting and policies in Sri Lanka, The importance of mobile weather stations, How to improve rainwater quality, Case studies and success stories of rainwater harvesting, Impact of drought and floods (Climate Change) on water resources and adaptation measures and an Introduction to groundwater recharging and research findings. Prof. (Mrs.) Thushyanthy Mikuthan presented certificates and a field visit to Poonakary Division household and school RWHS was conducted.

  • Build capacity of community and school children to reduce the Risk of Disaster through establish Mobile Weather Stations in 4 schools

3 mobile weather stations have been established in the following schools:

1. Kn/ Punnaineeravi G.T.M.S, Punnaineeravi GN, Kandawalai DSD, Kilinochchi District

2. B/Orubadiweva Maha Vidayalaye, Sangabopura GN, Ridimaliyadda DSD, Badulla District

3. Mo/Ethimalae Maha Vidiyalaya, Thissapura GN, Siyabalanduva DSD, Monaragala District

  • Operation and Maintenance programsList
  • Research and Development:

1. Monitoring Ground Water Recharging

– 2 water quality testing meters purchased and 6 recharging systems constructed. They are located in:

Kilinochchi District

  • KN/Madduvilnadu G.T.M.S
  • KN/Paramankirai G.T.M.S
  • KN/Periyakulam Iyanaar vidyalayam
  • KN/Kallaru Tamil Vidyalayam
  • KN/Punnaineeravi Government Tamil Mixed School

Badulla District

  • B/Keselpotha Yay11 Maha Vidyalaya
  • B/Mahagama Maha Vidyalaya
  • B/Orubadiweva Maha Vidyalaye

Moneragala District

  • MO/Kongaspitiya Kanishta Vidyalaye

2. Water level Indicator for RWH tanks

Weather station is established in Rain center for data and equipment testing purpose from 18th June – up to date.

English & Tamil manual on O&M of weather station is available.


  • Networking and Dissemination of Information

1. Publication: leaflets, posters and visibility boards: Leaflet and poster design complete. 1000 posters printed. Leaflet design Completed,  1000 each in Sinhala & Tamil languages printed to be distributed during awareness programs.



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