Safe Disaster-Resilient Drinking Water to Floods and Drought Prone Areas in Sri Lanka

Project Areas Badulla and Moneragala District in Uva Province
Kilinochchi District in North Province
Duration1st October 2016 to 30th September 2019
Funded byUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Project Cost$ 999,966 as USAID’s contribution
Or except to add $ 256,646 LRWHF, PALM and Community Contribution
Project ObjectiveTo promote rainwater harvesting systems as a practical, disaster resilient water supply option for dry zone areas by demonstration and building capacity of officials, professionals, community and school children on rain water harvesting and ground water recharging technology.

Objective 1: Demonstrate and provide disaster-resilient water supplies to vulnerable communities in war affected and dry zone areas of Sri Lanka

Objective 2: Build capacity of officials, professional and communities on rain water harvesting technology to influence the policies and practises of flood and drought management
Project ActivitiesObjective I
  • Construction of 45 Demonstration rain water harvesting systems (storage and/or recharge) in rural schools
  • Establishment of 10 demonstration RWH system in Rural hospitals/ Medical Clinic
  • Construction of 360 Domestic Rain Water Harvesting Systems
  • Rehabilitate disused 400 RWH systems in the project areas
Objective II
  • Build Capacity of Officials and Professionals on Rain water harvesting technology
  • Establishing the training facilities of the Rain Center
  • Training program for local authority officials, planning officers and development officers in each district
  • Training program for professionals
  • Build capacity of community and school children to reduce the Risk of Disaster through establish Mobile Weather Stations in 4 schools
  • Research & Development
    • Monitoring Ground Water Recharging
    • Water level Indicator for RWH tanks
  • Networking and Dissemination of Information
    • Publication: leaflets, posters and visibility boards
    • Short film competition on DRR through RWH
    • Press Conference on National conference
    • National/ Regional/ International Conference


Objective 1:

  • 35 schools were visited of which, 15 were selected (5 from each district) to have 30,000L RWHS constructed in each school.
School NameGN DSD District
Kn/ Paramankirai G.T.M.SParamankiraiPoonakaryKilinochchi
Kn/ Madduvilnadu G.T.M.SMadduvilnadu eastPoonakaryKilinochchi
Kn/ Punnaineeravi G.T.M.SPunnaineeravi KandawalaiKilinochchi
Kn/ Kallaru Tamil VidyalayamKallaruKandawalaiKilinochchi
Kn/ Periyakulam Iyanar vidyalayamPeriyakulamKandawalaiKilinochchi
B/Maliyadda MahaVidayalayeWeva Thanna KandakatiyaBadulla
B/Orubadiweva Maha VidayalayeSangabopuraRidimaliyaddaBadulla
Akiriyankubura Maha VidayalayeArulupitiyaRidimaliyaddaBadulla
Mahagama MahaVidalayaMahagamaRidimaliyaddaBadulla
Keselpotha 11 Yaya VidayalayeKeselpotha 2B RidimaliyaddaBadulla
Mo/Ethimale Maha VidyalayeThissapuraSiyambalanduwaMonaragala
Mo/Guruhela Kanishta VidyalayeGuruhela (126) SiyambalanduwaMonaragala
Mo/Danagiriya Kanishta VidyalayeKotagoda (122c) SiyambalanduwaMonaragala
Mo/Kongaspitiya Kanishta VidyalayeWeragoda (122b) SiyambalanduwaMonaragala
Mo/Galearawa Kanishta VidyalayeKanadaudapanguwaSiyambalanduwaMonaragala

  • 13 hospitals were visited of which, 5 were selected (2 in Badulla, 2 in Kilinochchi and 1 in Monaragala District) to have 10,000L/16,000L RWHS constructed in each.
Hospital NameGNDSDDistrict
Divisional HospitalEthimaleSiyabalaanduvaMonaragala
Divisional HospitalKandakatiyaKandakatiyaBadulla
Medical ClinicHigurugamuvaWelimadaBadulla
Poonakary Division HospitalKN - 66 EastPoonakaryKilinochchi
Vennerikulum Primary Medical CentreVennerikilumKarachchiKilinochchi
  • Construction of  a  10,000L RWHS in Divisional Hospital, Ethimale is complete. Currently, 947 patients visit the clinic on a monthly basis.

  • 40 beneficiaries selected from Ponnakary DSD, Kilinochchi District for Domestic RWHS. 35 Request received, 20 beneficiaries selected from Maduvilnadu East GN and 29 Request received 20 beneficiaries selected from Alankerny GN. The households were selected according to the following selection criteria:

1. Distance to Drinking water source more than 250m

2. Number of the children in the household

3. People with disability

4. People with waterborne diseases

5. Women headed households etc.


Selected Beneficiary list of Maduvilnadu East GN, Poonakary DSD, Kilinochchi District

NameNo of Family MembersDiseases Caused by WaterCurrent Drinking Water SourceDistance to the Source of WaterSpecial Needs
Mr. Iraththinasingam Rajeswaran5Urine infectionBowser- Water is filled into a 1000l plastic tank for Rs. 400 on a monthly basis.50mNo
Mrs. P. Surendhar3NoPipe line (Army camp)2500mNo
Mrs. Sivakumar Premalatha3Urine infectionCommon well1km1 person (son), unable to walk.
Mrs. N. Santhiramalar5NoCommon well 2kmNo
Mr. J. Jeyasankar4Urine infection for last 10 yearsPipe line (Army camp)500mNo
Mrs. V. Latchumi2NoTemple well1kmNo
Mr. S. Kulasingham4NoTemple well500mNo
Mr. M. Supramaniyam5NoPipe line (Army camp)500mNo
Mr. S. Selvanayakam4NoTemple well500mNo
Mrs. R. Suseeladevi4NoCommon well500mHusband has psychosis
Mr. S. Uthayakumar6NoPipe line (Army camp)1kmNo
Mrs. T. Pathmalogini2NoTemple well750mNo
Mr. S. Nimalraj4NoTemple well1kmNo
Mr. I. Thivakaran3NoCommon well1kmNo
Mr. T. Kirushnakobal3NoPipe line (Army camp)1kmNo
Mr. T. Muruganandan6NoTemple well1500mNo
Mr. A. Balakrishnan4NoTemple well500mNo
Mr. B. Jeyaseelan7NoPipe line (Army camp)1kmNo
Mrs. B. Amuthini4NoOut area (Kollakurichchi)2kmNo
Mr. R. Balasingham4NoCommon well1kmNo

Selected Beneficiary List for Alankerny GN , Poonakary DSD, Kilinochchi District

NameNo of Family MembersCurrent Drinking Water SourceDistance to the Source of WaterSpecial Needs
Mr. S. Sekuraja3Common well750mNo
Mr. K. Sachchitanantham6Common well200mNo
Mr. P. Somasundaram4Common well1kmNo
Mr. P. Nadarasa3Common well1kmNo
Mr. T. Sivabalan5Common well500mNo
Mr. M. Uthayakumar3Common well250mNo
Mrs. S. Sivapakkiyam2Common well500mYes/ she is unable to walk due to a injury during the war
Mr. N. Kobalasundaram3Common well500mNo
Mr. M. Kaneshalingham4Common well1500mNo
Mr. K. Raveenthiran5Common well500mNo
Mr. K. Thuvarakan5Common well500mYes/ He has a leg injury
Mr. K. Ravichandram5Common well600mNo
Mr. S. Kaneshalingham5Common well1kmNo
Mr. I. Kanagarathnam6Common well500mNo
Mr. P. Mugunthan3Common well1kmNo
Mr. Ratheekan Nalayini4Common well1500mNo
Mr. K. Suppiramaniyam4Common well500mYes/ He has a leg injury
Mrs. A. Rajeswary2Common well500mNo
Mr. N. Kristalan4Common well1kmNo
Mr. Suppiramaniyam Parameshwaran5Common well500mNo

Objective 2.

  • Training program for local authority officials, planning officers and development officers in each district-

Lanka Rainwater Harvesting Forum (LRWHF) Sri Lanka, supported by USAID – Sri Lanka organized a 2 day training programme on the “Importance of Rainwater Harvesting as a Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy on Water Resources” from 19th to 20th December 2016 at the District Secretariat Training center, Kilinochchi. Additional District Secretary Sivapathasuntharam Sathiyaseelan attended the innaugeration ceremony. 42 individuals attended (List).

The training covered topics such as Present status and future plans of water supply schemes for domestic purposes in Kilinochchi, Overview and present status of rainwater harvesting and policies in Sri Lanka, The importance of mobile weather stations, How to improve rainwater quality, Case studies and success stories of rainwater harvesting, Impact of drought and floods (Climate Change) on water resources and adaptation measures and an Introduction to groundwater recharging and research findings. Prof. (Mrs.) Thushyanthy Mikuthan presented certificates and a field visit to Poonakary Division household and school RWHS was conducted.


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